Element Of Arts


line and shape

  • Lines define space and may create an outline or contour, as style called “linear.”
  • They can be visible or implied
  • It may be two-dimensional, three-dimensional (as with a wire), or suggested or implied.
  • Wherever there is an edge, the place where one object or plane appears to end and other object or space.


  • Color is the event of wavelengths of light hitting an object and those wavelengths reflecting back into your eyes.
  • Color is also an element of art with three properties: hue, saturation, and value:

–Hue is the name of the color (e.g., red, blue, or yellow.)

        –Saturation is the quality or brightness or dullness of the hue; sometimes                 called      “intensity”

         –Value is the degree of lightness or darkness of a hue

  • On a color wheel, colors are divided into groups called primary (red, yellow & blue), secondary (orange, green & violet), and tertiary (mix of a primary & a secondary)
  • Complementary or opposite are two colors directly opposite one another on the color wheel


  • Texture is an element of art pertaining to the surface quality or “feel” of the work of art.
  • Texture can be described as smooth, rough, soft, etc. Some textures are real and others are simulated.
  • Textures that can be felt are ones that the fingers can actually touch, however, in paintings drapery and clothing often have a texture that can only be seen, as it is simulated.

space and mass : perspective

  • Perspective is the technique that artists use to project the illusion of three-dimensional space onto a two-dimensional surface.
  • Perspective helps to create a sense of depth–a sense of receding space.
  • Artists achieve perspective in several different ways:

1.by making objects in the foreground larger than those in the background

2.by making objects at the bottom of the composition larger than those at the top

3.by using lighter colors and fuzzier edges to suggest the distant objects and space

4.by using mathematical or linear perspective, where the recession is directed towards a vanishing point.


  • How items are arranged or organized in a work of art

–Symmetrical or assymetrical

–Static or dynamic

  • Consider pictorial depth (illusion) rendering 3D on 2D surface or plane (picture plane)
  • Picture space is comprised of foreground, middle ground, and background and extends from beyond the picture plane


  • As an art history term, scale refers to the size of the art object at hand or the size of the objects represented in a particular art object.
  • Scale can also have to do with the size of a building as compared with the people who inhabit that space.
  • Artists often use scale to suggest relationships between figures and landscape, figures and other figures, and/or sometimes a figure’s importance.


  • Another quality an artist might utilize
  • Gives lifelike feeling to a work
  • Artists often search for ways to create a sense of movement, from manipulating the objects within a work to the medium itself


my basic drawing.jpgi’m using pencil and charcoal on A3 paper.

Theres are few element of art that you can see in my drawing , such as :

  1. line

obviously line is the most important element in art that can change two dimensional drawing to three dimensional drawing.

what means by line is when we join another point ( i known it as started point ) to another point ( finishing point ) until its create a one line. It can be thick , thin , wavevy or curly . The other meanings of line is Lines and curves are marks that span a distance between two points (or the path of a moving point). As an element of visual art, line is the use of various marks, outlines, and implied lines in artwork and design

so , you can see to create a shape we must have a line first ,

2. shape

shape can be divided into two , first organic shape and second is geometri shapes.

shape can be defined as  two dimesional area confined by a actual line or implied line (an edge for example). In drawing shapes are created when the ends of lines are joined to enclose areas.

shape are so usefull in arts and how its work ?

Shape is a flat area surrounded by edges or an outline. Artists use all kinds of shapes. Geometric shapes are precise and regular, like squares, rectangles, and triangles. They are often found in human-made things, like building and machines while biomorphic shapes are found in nature.

can we find the different between organic shapes and geometri shapes ? The answer must be yes !

Organic Shapes

organic shapes are free-form, unpredictable and flowing in appearance. These shapes, as well as organic forms, visually suggest the natural world of animals, plants, sky, sea and etc. The addition of organic shapes to a composition dominated by geometric structures can add unpredictable energy.


Geometri shapes

A geometric shape is the geometric information which remains when location, scale, orientation and reflection are removed from the description of a geometric object That is, the result of moving a shape around, enlarging it, rotating it, or reflecting it in a mirror is the same shape as the original, and not a distinct shape.


Propotion and perspective

Perspective can be defined as , the art of drawing solid objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other when viewed from a particular point .

In my drawing you can see the perspective values that create by the sizes of the objects and the distances between them.

Propotion can be well known as

comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number, etc.; ratio.
Scale and proportion in art are both concerned with size. Scale refers to the size of an object (a whole) in relationship to another object (another whole). In art the size relationship between an object and the human body is significant.



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